About the Global Methane Pledge
Methane is a powerful but short-lived climate pollutant that accounts for a third of net warming since the Industrial Revolution. Rapidly reducing methane emissions from energy, agriculture, and waste can achieve near-term gains in our efforts in this decade for decisive action and is regarded as the single most effective strategy to keep the goal of limiting warming to 1.5˚C within reach while yielding co-benefits, including improving public health and agricultural productivity.
The Global Methane Pledge (GMP) was launched at COP26 by the European Union and the United States.
Participants joining the Pledge agree to take voluntary actions to contribute to a collective effort to reduce global methane emissions at least 30 percent from 2020 levels by 2030. This is a global, not a national reduction target.
With over 150 country participants, representing a little over 50% of global anthropogenic methane emissions, we are well on our way to achieving the Pledge goal.
Meeting the GMP would reduce methane emissions to a level consistent with 1.5°C pathways while delivering significant benefits for human and ecosystem health, food security and our economies. It has the potential to reduce warming by at least 0.2 °C by 2050 and prevent annually 26 million tons of crop losses, 255,000 premature deaths, 775 thousand asthma-related hospitalizations and 73 billion hours of lost labour due to extreme heat.
Participants to the Pledge also commit to moving towards using the highest tier IPCC good practice inventory methodologies, as well as working to continuously improve the accuracy, transparency, consistency, comparability, and completeness of national greenhouse gas inventory reporting under the UNFCCC and Paris Agreement, and to provide greater transparency in key sectors.
The Pledge aims to catalyze global action and strengthen support for existing international methane emission reduction initiatives to advance technical and policy work that will serve to underpin Participants’ domestic actions. The Pledge also recognizes the essential roles that the private sector, development banks, financial institutions and philanthropy play in supporting the implementation of the Pledge and welcomes their efforts and engagement.
The Climate and Clean Air Coalition provides secretariat services to the GMP.
The Imperative for Methane Action
Drastic methane emissions reductions – alongside decarbonisation of our economies – need to happen before 2030 to keep the 1.5°C warming limit within reach.
While methane has a much shorter lifetime than carbon dioxide (CO2), it is much more efficient at trapping radiation. Per unit of mass, methane has a warming effect about 80 times more potent than CO2 over 20 years. Methane has been responsible for 30% of total warming since the Industrial Revolution and is the second largest contributor to global warming after carbon dioxide (CO2). Without action, global anthropogenic methane emissions are projected to rise by up to 13% between 2020 and 2030.
Champions of the Global Methane Pledge (GMP) are uniting to advocate for accelerated methane action to achieve the Pledge and galvanise further progress by country participants and GMP supporters. As Champions, they will continue to spur domestic action in their respective countries.
News & Updates
Global Methane Pledge: From Moment to Momentum
Virtual methane pavilion at COP27
Launch by US, EU, and Partners of the Global Methane Pledge to Keep 1.5C Within Reach
Opening remarks by Executive Vice-President Timmermans on the Global Methane Pledge
Why the Global Methane Pledge Is a Big Deal for the Climate
Around 100 nations pledge to slash methane emissions on day 2 of COP26
Briefing on the Global Methane Pledge
2021 is the moment for methane. The CCAC-UNEP Global Methane Assessment set out an opportunity to change the climate trajectory within the next 20 years—a critical timeframe for slowing warming and self- reinforcing feedbacks enough to avoid passing dangerous tipping points. The 6th Assessment...
Assessment of Environmental and Societal Benefits of Methane Reductions (web tool)
This site displays analyses from the Global Methane Assessment: Benefits and Costs of Mitigating Methane Emissions, which provides an in-depth analysis of opportunities to reduce methane emissions from all sectors and regions as well as the associated costs and the benefits to human health, crops...
An Eye on Methane: International Methane Emissions Observatory 2022 Report
An Eye on Methane: International Methane Emissions Observatory 2022 Report delves into the progress made to achieve deep reduction of methane emissions, starting with the fossil fuel sector. We need a strong basis for action grounded on improved emissions data to close the emissions gap and reduce...
Global Methane Assessment
The Global Methane Assessment by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and UNEP-convened Climate and Clean Air Coalition shows that human-caused methane emissions can be reduced by up to 45 per cent this decade. Such reductions would avoid nearly 0.3°C of global warming by 2045 and would...
Landscape of Methane Abatement Finance
Sharp and rapid reductions in methane emissions this decade are essential to limiting global warming to 1.5°C. While carbon dioxide has a longer-lasting effect, methane has 80 times the warming power of CO2 in the first 20 years after emissions reach the atmosphere, meaning methane is setting the...
Methane technical assistance
At COP26 in November 2021, over 100 countries joined the Global Methane Pledge (GMP) , committing to collectively cut global anthropogenic methane emissions by at least 30% by 2030 from 2020 levels. Achieving this goal would put the world on a path to limit warming to 1.5ºC. All Global Methane...
Sources of Methane (NASA)
Visualization showing the complex patterns of methane emissions produced globally between January 2018 and November 2018 from different sources.
Oil and Gas Sector Toolkit for the Global Methane Pledge
Fulfilling the Global Methane Pledge will require widespread implementation efforts, including policies aimed at reducing flaring, venting and fugitive emissions. This toolkit connects policy makers and regulators to key resources and institutions...