About the Global Methane Pledge
Methane is a powerful but short-lived climate pollutant that accounts for a third of net warming since the Industrial Revolution. Rapidly reducing methane emissions from energy, agriculture, and waste can achieve near-term gains in our efforts in this decade for decisive action and is regarded as the single most effective strategy to keep the goal of limiting warming to 1.5˚C within reach while yielding co-benefits, including improving public health and agricultural productivity.
The Global Methane Pledge (GMP) was launched at COP26 by the European Union and the United States.
Participants joining the Pledge agree to take voluntary actions to contribute to a collective effort to reduce global methane emissions at least 30 percent from 2020 levels by 2030. This is a global, not a national reduction target.
With 155 country participants, representing a little over 50% of global anthropogenic methane emissions, we are well on our way to achieving the Pledge goal.
Meeting the GMP would reduce methane emissions to a level consistent with 1.5°C pathways while delivering significant benefits for human and ecosystem health, food security and our economies. It has the potential to reduce warming by at least 0.2 °C by 2050 and prevent annually 26 million tons of crop losses, 255,000 premature deaths, 775 thousand asthma-related hospitalizations and 73 billion hours of lost labour due to extreme heat.
Participants to the Pledge also commit to moving towards using the highest tier IPCC good practice inventory methodologies, as well as working to continuously improve the accuracy, transparency, consistency, comparability, and completeness of national greenhouse gas inventory reporting under the UNFCCC and Paris Agreement, and to provide greater transparency in key sectors.
The Pledge aims to catalyze global action and strengthen support for existing international methane emission reduction initiatives to advance technical and policy work that will serve to underpin Participants’ domestic actions. The Pledge also recognizes the essential roles that the private sector, development banks, financial institutions and philanthropy play in supporting the implementation of the Pledge and welcomes their efforts and engagement.
The Climate and Clean Air Coalition provides secretariat services to the GMP.
The Imperative for Methane Action
Drastic methane emissions reductions – alongside decarbonisation of our economies – need to happen before 2030 to keep the 1.5°C warming limit within reach.
While methane has a much shorter lifetime than carbon dioxide (CO2), it is much more efficient at trapping radiation. Per unit of mass, methane has a warming effect about 80 times more potent than CO2 over 20 years. Methane has been responsible for 30% of total warming since the Industrial Revolution and is the second largest contributor to global warming after carbon dioxide (CO2). Without action, global anthropogenic methane emissions are projected to rise by up to 13% between 2020 and 2030.
Champions of the Global Methane Pledge (GMP) are uniting to advocate for accelerated methane action to achieve the Pledge and galvanise further progress by country participants and GMP supporters. As Champions, they will continue to spur domestic action in their respective countries.